The history of the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine is inextricably linked with the history of the whole country. Magnitogorsk is often called a “phenomenon”, and this is largely true, since Magnitka is indeed an amazing phenomenon in Russian history. 80 years ago in the deaf Ural steppe, almost from scratch, a giant of Soviet industry emerged. Workers MMK, 1968. still being the flagship of the steel industry of our country. It arose, of course, not by itself, but thanks to the selfless work of many thousands of first builders who built blast furnaces, open-hearth furnaces, coke batteries in inhuman conditions. In this, too, the phenomenon of Magnitogorsk – in the ability to overcome themselves and the circumstances, sometimes impossible to do.
Magnitka always surprised. I was surprised by American engineers who did not believe that industrial facilities could be built in such a record time. The whole world was surprised when, during the harsh years of the Great Patriotic War, she managed to set up the production of armored steel, much needed by the country, in just one month, rolling it on the blooming, which no one had ever done before. I was surprised by skeptics of all kinds, giving record after record and constantly increasing the output of metal, which still serves people in the restored DnieproGES, Baikonur building structures, gas pipelines and oil pipelines. . This is the main phenomenon of Magnitogorsk. Today’s time, many also consider difficult, but Magnitka and today with honor out of the most difficult situations, even more tempering his character.
Opened in 2004, the temple became one of the few large and majestic church sites.The Cathedral of the Ascension of Christ is located on the right bank of the Ural River, in the city of Magnitogorsk, which is one of the world’s largest ferrous metallurgy centers.
The center of the new large temple complex is the seven-domed Ascension Church with extensions and a bell tower. Near the temple is a water chapel, and in the next building there is a diocesan spiritual and educational center named after the martyr Peter, Metropolitan of Krutitsky, a Sunday school, a diocesan administration with a house church and a refectory. The total area of the temple complex exceeds three hectares, which makes it the largest spiritual center of the entire Southern Urals.
The temple was built based on the cross-domed temples of Ancient Russia of the XIV-XV centuries. Magnitogorsk architect Anatoly Volobuev became his architect. The highest point of the dome reaches a height of 42 meters, and with the cross dome the height of the temple is 52 meters. The interior and exterior design of the temple was led by a member of the Union of Artists of Russia Sergey Solomatin. The iconostasis of the temple, whose height is 15 meters and width – 25 meters, has 108 icons. Icon painters from the Trinity Sergius Lavra took part in it.
Metallurg Arena was built in 2007. The capacity of the sports facility is 7500 spectators. According to the press service of the Metallurg hockey club, the first pile was laid on the foundation of the new ice arena on September 1, 2005. The grand opening took place on January 12, 2007. According to the Finnish experts who built the Metallurg Arena, it meets all modern requirements and in terms of technical equipment is not inferior to the best arenas of the National Hockey League.
In the year of the opening of the sports facility “Metallurg”, having beaten the current champion of the country Kazan “Ak Bars”, won its third championship cup. In the 2008–2009 season, Metallurg Arena hosted the games of the first season of the Continental Hockey League and the first Champions League draw.
The monument is the first part of the triptych, which also consists of the monuments “Motherland” on Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd and “Soldier-Liberator” in Berlin’s Treptow Park. The authors of the monument: the sculptor – Lev Nikolaevich Golovnitsky, the architect – Yakov Borisovich Belopolsky. Material – bronze, granite. Height – 15 meters.
The monument is a figure composition of a worker and a warrior. Work oriented to the east, in the direction of the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine. Warrior – to the west, to the side, where during World War II, was the enemy. It is understood that the sword, forged on the banks of the Urals, was later raised by the Motherland in Stalingrad and dropped after the Victory in Berlin. The composition also includes an eternal flame, in the form of a granite flower star.
Due to the fact that according to statistics, every third projectile and every second tank was made of Magnitogorsk metal, it was decided to erect a monument in Magnitogorsk. On the banks of the Urals, an 18-meter artificial hill was erected. The base of the hill was reinforced with reinforced concrete piles.
The monument was made at the Leningrad Plant of Monumental Sculptures. The document was opened on June 29, 1979. The document is complemented by two trapezes in height to human height, in which the names of the Heroes of the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic War are written in bas-relief. On May 9, 2005, another addition took place. It was made in the form of two triangular sections, symmetrically filled with granite hills, on which the names of Magnitogorsk people who died in the Great Patriotic War (more than 14,000 names) are carved.
The park at the Eternal Flame was laid in the 1970s. The park is located between the factory pond, st. Gryaznov, Lenin Avenue and the stadium. In the year of the 60th anniversary of Magnitogorsk, the park was named “Victory Park”. In 2013, it was renamed the Park at the Eternal Flame.
The monument “The Tent of the First Builders” is a romantic symbol of the epoch of the first five-year plans, which became the symbol of modern Magnitogorsk. It was opened on May 9, 1966 in the days of the rally of the first builders, to whom the monument is dedicated. The architectural and sculptural composition is included in the park area with access to the factory pond and is focused on Sverdlov Square. On the pedestal are poems by a famous Soviet poet, laureate of the RSFSR State Prize, the first builder of Magnitogorsk B.A. Brook: “We lived in a tent with a green window, washed out with rains, dried by the sun. Let the golden fires on the red stones of Magnetic Mountain burn out at the door.” These words reveal the main idea of the monument. Due to the lack of housing, the first builders of Magnitka in the 1930s had to live in tents.
An important role in the composition is played by the sculptural element – the hand that carefully lifted a piece of iron ore. The total height of the monument is 6 meters; material is concrete; Sculptural detail – hand cast in cast iron. Sculptor – L.N. Golovnitsky, architect – E.V. Alexandrov. The tent is set up by the view that the panorama of PJSC “MMK” is visible through it.
Over the years, the museum staff collected large collections on the history of the region, the city and the metallurgical plant. The museum was founded in August 1944. Its first exposition was opened to visitors in May 1946 with two exhibitions: the Great Patriotic War, and the History of Magnetic Mountain. Many exhibits were purchased in archaeological, ethnographic and geological expeditions, received as a gift or donated by direct participants in the events.
The museum collections contain personal collections of honorary citizens of Magnitogorsk, Heroes of the USSR, Heroes of Socialist Labor, Honored workers of culture, education, and health care. A wealth of photographic material was collected reflecting the history of the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works and the city since 1929.
The permanent exhibition “The History of Magnitogorsk – The History of the Country” is very popular among residents and visitors of the city. On the basis of the exhibition, meetings with veterans, scholars, historians, schoolchildren, students and representatives of the creative intelligentsia are held. The exposition significantly expanded the cultural space of the city and the region. It is complemented by other equally interesting sections: “Animal World and Minerals of the Southern Urals”, consisting of collections of flora, rocks and minerals of Magnitnaya Mountain, as well as insect collections of the steppe zone of the Southern Urals.
The retro-room “Here is all now remembrance ..”, demonstrating the life of Soviet people in the 50s, enjoys special interest among visitors. XX century, as well as a section called “Magnitka and space.” The literary department is represented by the only in the Southern Urals literary memorial complex “Museum-apartment of the poet Boris Ruchyov”